Advantages of wind energy are; renewable and clean usage, simplicity, integration with sustainable farming, job creation, relative low cost, and fossil fuel replacement.
This article discusses the advantages of wind energy, as follows;
1). Wind Energy is Renewable
One of the advantages of wind energy is the fact that it is renewable.
The sources of wind energy are mostly natural, and include differential atmospheric heating, topographic features, and Earth’s rotation.
Wind energy can be used as an alternative to non-renewable sources like fossil fuels and nuclear energy.
2). Relatively Clean
In addition to being renewable; wind energy is also ‘clean’.
Using wind energy in place of fossil fuels can also be considered a means of achieving both soil conservation and water conservation. This is because wind energy does not release pollutants into the soil or water bodies.
3). Simplicity (as one of the advantages of Wind Energy)
Simplicity is another example of the advantages of wind energy.
There are various reasons why wind energy is simple in comparison to other forms. One of these is the design of a wind turbine.
Wind turbines have a relatively-simple design, with an equally simple mechanism of energy capture and conversion.
The components of a wind turbine are not many, and each has a simple, definitive function. For example, turbine blades are responsible for wind capture, and convert the captured wind energy from kinetic to mechanical form.
Also, wind turbines and wind farms do not occupy an excessively large space compared to power plants of other kinds. For this reason, lands occupied by wind turbines can be used simultaneously for sustainable farming .
Lastly, wind turbines are relatively easy to maintain. Repair is only necessary when severe damage has occurred and affects the turbine’s performance.
4). Integration with Sustainable Farming
In line with this, wind energy can be integrated with sustainable farming. For example, wind turbines can be built on farmlands, as part of measures for integrated agriculture and sustainable development
This approach is beneficial especially on large farms in rural areas where wind can be accessed.
Wind energy is one of the types of renewable energy that can be harnessed on farmlands; alongside others like solar energy and bioenergy. It is not very uncommon to install solar panels and biofuel-producing plants (also called biorefineries) on farms .
5). Job Creation (as one of the Advantages of Wind Energy)
Job creation is one of the advantages of a circular economy.
Because wind energy development is essential to the circular economy, it can also be said that job creation is one of the advantages of wind energy.
The growth of the renewable energy industry in recent years has resulted in additional jobs. It is estimated that the wind energy industry creates millions of jobs globally, on an annual basis. These jobs include turbine technician, deck apprentice and blade technician.
6). Relative Low Cost
Due to technological advancement, innovation; research and development, wind energy can be harnessed at a relatively-low cost.
The energy efficiency of wind turbines has improved over the years, exceeding 40% . Also, wind energy facilities can be integrated with energy management systems. This helps to achieve significant levels of energy conservation, thereby reducing losses and saving power expenses.
Lastly, wind energy cost has reduced due to simplified and more-efficient designs. Such designs reduce the size; complexity and maintenance requirement of the turbines.
7). Fossil Fuel Alternative
Wind energy has the advantage of being a viable alternative to fossil fuels.
There are multiple reasons why wind energy can be used in place of fossil fuel. One of these is the fact that it is renewable.
As a renewable alternative, wind energy can replace fossil fuels in regions where wind is available in abundance. In other regions, it can serve as a good support system for electricity generation .
With respect to electricity generation, one of the advantages of wind energy is that it can be used domestically to produce electricity. The simplicity of wind turbines means that they can be easily integrated with the utility grid, to distribute power across the area of need.
Unlike hydroelectric plants, water dams and nuclear power plants, wind turbines can be installed within proximity of the point of energy need. This makes it easier and cheaper to transmit the power produced, with minimal losses.
Lastly, wind energy is an alternative to fossil fuels because of continuous innovation. Such innovation has increased the overall capacity of wind energy.
Advantages of wind energy are;
- Integration with Sustainable Farming
- Job Creation
- Relative Low Cost
- Fossil Fuel Alternative
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