Ideas of smart city development include; automated green transport, distributed energy resource management with smart grid, sustainable manufacturing with IoT commerce, data-based renewable energy management, and hazard mitigation/environmental monitoring with WSNs.
This article discusses the ideas of smart city development, as follows;
1). Automated Green Transport (as one of the Ideas of Smart City Development)
In order to fully understand the idea of automated green transport in smart cities, some closely-related mobility concepts need to be distinguished; including automated transport, smart transport, and green transport.
Automated transport refers to any system or process of transport that has been enhanced and equipped using a combination of artificial intelligence and robotics, so that the system is able to function without active human interference or supervision.
Smart transportation in smart city development is the use of digital systems and internet of things (IoT) functionality, to optimize the transport sector through seamless interconnection, data sharing and communication.
Green transport refers to transport systems that are designed to have minimal environmental impact while operating . This can be evaluated based on primary energy resource, greenhouse emissions, and role in regional air pollution.
Automated green transport can be achieved by integrating the renewable energy sector of smart cities with the transport sector. The result of such integration will be a uniform pace of energy transition for the energy and the transport sectors.
The automated green transport idea is already being implemented on various scales in parts of the world. Its success depends on improvements in energy storage, renewable energy and automobile technologies.
2). Distributed Energy Resource Management with Smart Grid
The smart grid enables distributed energy management by providing a platform by which supply and demand can be balanced, and energy efficiency as well as safety can be increased through conservation of resources and timely monitoring of system performance .
Aside optimizing energy efficiency, smart grid networks can also help in energy conservation and general management.
Smart grids can unify the operations of multiple power plants, generators, inverters, and storage systems. The idea of distributed energy resources with smart grid in smart cities, is very important and practical, because electricity generation has huge implications to the overall wellbeing of the society.
Green economic development, ecosystem protection, and public health can all be affected positively through sustainable energy schemes in smart cities. With smart grid networks, renewable energy resources with limited capacity can be combined to yield sufficient amount of clean energy.
The smart grid-DER concept can also create jobs while supporting sustainable manufacturing, both of which can boost regional economic growth.
3). Sustainable Manufacturing with IoT Commerce (as one of the Ideas of Smart City Development)
Within the context of commerce, sustainable manufacturing can be defined as a form of manufacturing that aims to mitigate problems like resource depletion and environmental degradation, while yielding high-quality products.
IoT is used in the manufacturing industry by incorporating smart devices and advanced technology into the supply chain as well as the actual manufacturing process, so that resources like time, labor, capital and raw materials are conserved.
Three ways IoT benefits the manufacturing industry include increased sustainability, high-quality production, and innovation.
In smart cities, the local economy can benefit immensely from sustainable manufacturing and IoT commerce. To integrate these two functionalities, products and services as well as the processes of their manufacture and delivery, must be equipped with real-time data and digital communication .
The idea can help to make the supply chain for various manufacturing industries sustainable . It can exponentially increase regional GDP by automating aspects of manufacturing, and can lead to improved quality of life.
4). Data-based Renewable Energy Management
Data science is used in renewable energy management, to monitor the performance of systems, diagnose potential problems, and support in real-time decision making.
For renewable energy management with data in smart cities, artificial intelligence functionalities and tools can be used to optimize how energy is consumed, based on decisions made during operations.
5). Hazard Mitigation and Environmental Monitoring with WSNs (as one of the Ideas of Smart City Development)
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) comprise of seamlessly interconnected sensors that are used for data collection.
The basic components of wireless sensors are power supply, sensing unit, processor, and node .
Applications of wireless sensors include real-time data collection in various fields such as medicine, education, security, defense, agriculture and environmentalism .
The advantage of wireless sensor networks in environmental monitoring stems from their ability to operate in real-time, so that changes in environmental conditions can be detected instantaneously
Through wireless sensor-based monitoring, the environment can be assessed to forecast all forms of hazards and natural disasters. Such forecasting is usually very helpful toward hazard prevention and impact mitigation.
In smart cities, using sensors for environmental monitoring can be further enhanced by linking the sensors to alarm systems, as well as remedial systems, to make the process more proactive.
Ideas of smart city development are;
1. Automated Green Transport
2. Distributed Energy Resource Management with Smart Grid
3. Sustainable Manufacturing with IoT Commerce
4. Data-based Renewable Energy Management
5. Hazard Mitigation and Environmental Monitoring with WSNs
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