5 Examples of Internet of Things Explained

Examples of internet of things are; automated manufacturing, smart security infrastructure, disaster management and advanced energy resources management systems.


This article discusses the examples of internet of things, as follows;






1). Integrated Sustainable Farming System (as one of the Examples of Internet of Things)

IoT can be used in farming by integrating data collection devices and functionalities into farming processes.

Examples of IoT in agriculture include smart irrigation facilities, soil and crop monitoring, automated pest control and food processing, among others.

Internet of things can improve the farming sector by increasing the speed and efficiency of functions while reducing labor cost, which can both lead to higher yield and economic sustainability, so that societal problems like hunger, poverty and food insecurity can be mitigated [4].

Under specialized agricultural settings like organic farming, IoT can help in eradication of plant diseases and other problems by collecting real-time data and providing feedback to farmers [10].

Agricultural use of IoT promotes sustainable practices by conserving resources like money and time, and providing insight on best practices to suit the specific needs of any agricultural project.

The influence of IoT spans across all major sustainable farming practices, and affects materials, methods, equipment and outcomes alike [8].

Examples of Internet of Things: Integrated Sustainable Farming System (Credit: HCQ 2009 .CC BY-SA 3.0.)
Examples of Internet of Things: Integrated Sustainable Farming System (Credit: HCQ 2009 .CC BY-SA 3.0.)





2). Automated Manufacturing

IoT in manufacturing stands for the use of connectivity and data management technologies to optimize industrial processes involved in manufacturing products.

It represents an example of one of the types of IoT; which is Industrial IoT (IIoT) [8].

IoT can be used in manufacturing by leveraging sensors, artificial intelligence algorithms and wireless technology to manage the manufacturing process-flow with minimal requirement of human supervision or intervention.

What is described above is also known as automation, where AI capabilities like machine learning and deep learning are used to handle human tasks effectively.

Benefits of IoT in manufacturing are; energy efficiency, resource conservation, and high-quality production. These benefits are fully realized only where the IoT implementation is well performed to suit specific circumstances of a given scenario.





3). Smart Security Infrastructure (as one of the Examples of Internet of Things)

Smart security system in IoT context refers to security protocols and functionalities that are based on interconnected smart devices and sensors that collect, analyze and share data in real time.

IoT helps in security by increasing the thoroughness and efficiency of security frameworks at relatively low cost, so that 24/7 proactive protection can be provided wherever it is implemented [7].

It is important to note that one of the benefits of IoT in security is the fact that it is versatile, and can be used in smart homes, as well as for database and cyber security [1].

In cyber security, IoT means the presence and utilization of security infrastructure from various sources and devices, to create a fortified firewall that prevents sensitive data from being accessed.

The use of IoT in all forms of security operations is similar to its use for other purposes; and is driven by digital devices that are tailored to a given function [6].

Types of IoT security include; data encryption-based, home intrusion-deterrence, embedded, and active anti-bot firewall security systems.

Examples of Internet of Things: Smart Security Infrastructure (Credit: U.S. Customs and Border Protection 2018)
Examples of Internet of Things: Smart Security Infrastructure (Credit: U.S. Customs and Border Protection 2018)





4). Disaster Management System

IoT is used in disaster management by creating an integrated network of sensors and digital processors that collect real-time environmental data to monitor parameters like atmospheric conditions, which are indicative of disaster risk at any given time [3].

Wile internet of things cannot actively prevent a disaster, it can significantly reduce the severity of impact, by serving as a medium for monitoring that can provide warming signals when such hazards are likely to occur [9].

Aside weather-related disasters, IoT systems can be used to monitor seismic activity, power plants, and fire outbreaks. Early warming signals from these systems can improve the effectiveness of outcome, of evacuation exercises, thereby saving lives and property.





5). Advanced Energy Resources Management System (as one of the Examples of Internet of Things)

IoT is used in energy management to seamlessly connect multiple energy resources and management systems, so that the rate of energy conservation and efficiency are increased.

Internet of things helps in energy efficiency improvement by collecting data based on user behavior, and using this data to tailor energy supply in a manner that prevents wastage [5].

Through the means described above, energy management processes can be centralized in such a manner that makes it easy for such processes to be carried out.

An example of large-scale utilization of IoT in energy management; is its use in distributed energy resources management systems (DERMS), for collecting and handling data effectively.

Smaller scale utilization is exemplified by automated energy management and appliance regulation in sustainable buildings.







Examples of internet of things are;

1. Integrated Sustainable Farming System

2. Automated Manufacturing

3. Smart Security Infrastructure

4. Hazard Management System

5. Advanced Energy Resources Management System







1). Abdulla, A. I.; Abdulraheem, A. S.; Salih, A. A.; Sadeeq, M. A. M.; Ahmed, A. J.; Ferzor, B. M.; Salih, O.; Mohammed, I. (2020). "Internet of Things and Smart Home Security." Technology Reports of Kansai University 62(05). Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342562134_Internet_of_Things_and_Smart_Home_Security. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

2). Arumugam, S. K.; Iyer, E. (2019). "An Industrial IOT in Engineering and Manufacturing Industries - Benefits and Challenges." Available at: https://doi.org/10.24247/ijmperdapr201914. (Accessed 18 January 2023).

3). Bhosle, S. L.; Soubhagyalaxami, D. B.; Swetha, T.; Veena, P. D.; Chetan, B. V. (2018). "Disaster Management System using IoT." Available at: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Disaster-Management-System-Using-IOT-1-Soubhagyalaxmi-Bhosle/75ab140575877a36ae0164c714ed2d062f98feb9. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

4). Dlodlo, N.; Kalezhi, J. (2015). "The Internet of Things in Agriculture for Sustainable Rural Development." International Conference on Emerging Trends in Networks and Computer Communications; Windhoek, Namibia. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/ETNCC.2015.7184801. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

5). Gomes, L.; Faria, P.; Silva, F.; Vale, Z. (2019). "Energy Resources Management Enabled by Internet of Things Devices." 2019 IEEE-APS Topical Conference on Antennas and Propagation in Wireless Communications (APWC). Available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/APWC.2019.8870442. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

6). Khediri, S. (2022). "A review: Secure Internet of thing System for Smart Houses." Procedia Computer Science 201(3). Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2022.03.057. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

7). Mahendra, S.; Sathivanarayanan, M.; Vasu, R. B. (2018). "Smart Security System for Businesses using Internet of Things (IoT)." 2018 Second International Conference on Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCIoT). Available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICGCIoT.2018.8753101. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

8). Muthumanickam, D.; Chenniappan, P.; Ramalingam, K.; Pazhanivelan, S.; Kaliaperumal, R.(2022). "Smart Farming: Internet of Things (IoT)-Based Sustainable Agriculture." Agriculture 12(10):1745. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12101745. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

9). Wellington, J.; Ramesh, P. (2017). "Role of Internet of Things in disaster management." 2017 4th International Conference on Innovations in Information, Embedded and Communication Systems. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICIIECS.2017.8275928. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

10). Wolfert, S.; Isakhanyan, G. (2022). "Sustainable agriculture by the Internet of Things – A practitioner's approach to monitor sustainability progress." Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 200, [107226]. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2022.107226. (Accessed 17 January 2023).

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