Examples of clean energy utilization are; agrivoltaic system, hybrid solar-wave converter, tidal electricity generation, microgrid-transmitted wind power for remote locations, and ocean thermal energy conversion.
This article discusses examples of clean energy utilization, as follows;
1). Agrivoltaic System (as one of the Examples of Clean Energy Utilization)
Clean energy in agriculture is one of the objectives of sustainable farming, because it can play the essential role of reducing the carbon footprint and overall environmental impact, of agriculture. A classic example of the integration of clean energy with agriculture, is the agrivoltaic system.
Agrivoltaic system is an integrated sustainable system that is created when photovoltaic technologies like solar panels and concentrators, are installed on agricultural land in such a manner that is not intrusive to crop growth, and neither disrupts the natural functioning of the ecosystem.
Advantages of agrivoltaics include space efficiency, relatively-low cost, and simplicity.
Agrivoltaic systems can play a major role in the establishment of sustainable, green economies, especially in developing regions of the world . When deployed optimally, they serve as a means to synergize the agricultural and energy sectors at various scales, and to reap the benefits of sustainability in both sectors .
2). Hybrid Solar-Wave Converter
A hybrid solar-wave converter is an integrated clean energy technology that is equipped with solar cells (that make up panels) and a wave energy converter to enable it simultaneously harness both solar and wave energies .
Hybrid solar-wave converters are a relatively recent concept compared to wave and solar technologies respectively. The advantage of hybrid clean energy systems include the conservation of space, and the availability of multiple energy options.
Hybrid solar-wave converters are often accompanied by some disadvantages that border around the ability to maximize each energy option available, while minimizing complexity.
Some hybrid systems utilize more than two energy options. These may be described as tri-energy, trigeneration, tri-renewable, or poly-energy systems. Examples include combined wave, wind and solar systems .
3). Tidal Electricity Generation (as one of the Examples of Clean Energy Utilization)
Tidal energy is both clean and renewable, because it comes from the rise and fall of seawater due to effects of orbital revolution of the Earth .
To capture and utilize tidal energy, technological systems like oscillating hydrofoils and conventional tidal turbines can be used (the latter is similar to a hydro-turbine but sturdier and installed at greater depth).
Tidal energy is captured in the form of mechanical rotation or oscillation. This motion is used to operate a turbine generator which generate electricity based on the principle of electromagnetic induction.
4). Microgrid-Transmitted Wind Power
A wind microgrid system is an electricity generation and transmission system that is built to operate autonomously, and at smaller scale than a conventional grid system .
Microgrids have the advantage of being autonomous and small-scale, which enables them to be used in remote areas that are out of reach of the national or municipal grid network .
It is not uncommon for a microgrid to be equipped with inverters, batteries and other components that serve multiple purposes including energy storage and management. Some microgrid systems may also incorporate smart devices for two-way transmission monitoring, metering, and power scheduling.
The transmission mode and capacity of a microgrid depends on its design.
Microgrids can be connected to more than one renewable energy system, such as to wind and solar, or wind, solar and bioenergy.
5). Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (as one of the Examples of Clean Energy Utilization)
Ocean thermal energy is clean energy that occurs in oceans as a result of the effect of long-term exposure to solar radiation, which causes significant differences in temperature with changes in water depth.
As an example of clean energy utilization, ocean thermal energy conversion shows how renewable energy can be harnessed in multiple forms from water, which is an efficient medium of energy storage.
Examples of clean energy utilization are;
1. Agrivoltaic System
2. Hybrid Solar-Wave Converter
3. Tidal Electricity Generation
4. Microgrid-Transmitted Wind Power
5. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
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